TYPES OF LODGING

Boutique Hotel
A small hotel in a unique setting with upscale accommodations. Many boutique hotels are furnished in a themed, stylish and/or aspirational manner.
Chain Hotel
Hostel
Hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are generally cheaper for both the operator and the occupants; many hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk clerks or housekeeping staff in exchange for free accommodation.

TRAVEL SEASONS

Off-Season
November through March
Peak Season
Summertime
Shoulder Season
the period of time between the off-peak season at a destination when the weather is not ideal for travel and the peak season when prices are high and crowds are abundant

TYPES OF TOURISM

Accessible Tourism
The ongoing endeavour to ensure that tourist destinations, products and services are accessible to all people, regardless of their physical limitations, disabilities or age. It encompasses publicly and privately owned tourist locations.
Architectural Tourism
Christian Tourism (aka Religious Tourism)
Each year, millions of Christians travel on pilgrimage. The most popular pilgrim destination is the Abrahamic Holy Land, or Jerusalem, Israel. Most Christian pilgrimage destinations are based on the Roman Catholic faith, especially shrines devoted to apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary such as: Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico, Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima in Portugal, and Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes in France. There is also interest in pilgrimage to St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican in Rome, the capital of the Roman Catholic Church.
Culinary Tourism
Also known as food tourism, culinary tourism is the pursuit of unique and memorable eating and drinking experiences, both near and far. It is now considered a vital component of the tourism experience.[3] Dining out is common among tourists and “food is believed to rank alongside climate, accommodation, and scenery” in importance to tourists.
Gay/LGBT Tourism
A form of niche tourism marketed to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people.They are usually open about their sexual orientation and gender identity but may be more or less open when traveling; for instance they may be closeted at home or if they have come out, may be more discreet in areas known for violence against LGBT people.
Music Tourism
The act of visiting a city or town, to see a music festival or other music performances. This sort of tourism is particularly important to small villages such as Glastonbury, as well as large cities like Glasgow.
Package Tourism
A package tour or package holiday comprises transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. Other services may be provided such a rental car, activities or outings during the holiday. Transport can be via charter airline to a foreign country, and may also include travel between areas as part of the holiday.
Pop Culture Tourism
The act of traveling to locations featured in literature, TV, film, music, or any other form of popular entertainment. Also referred to as a “Location Vacation.”
Religious Tourism
Also commonly referred to as faith tourism, religious tourism is where people travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage, missionary, or leisure (fellowship) purposes.
Sport Tourism
Refers to travel which involves either observing or participating in a sporting event staying apart from their usual environment.
Wildlife Tourism
In its simplest sense, is watching wild animals in their natural habitat, such as a safari in Africa.
Wine Tourism
Its purpose is or includes the tasting, consumption or purchase of wine, often at or near the source. Where other types of tourism are often passive in nature, enotourism can consist of visits to wineries, tasting wines, vineyard walks, or even taking an active part in the harvest.

MISCELLANEOUS TERMS

Staycation
A staycation is a period in which an individual or family stays home and participates in leisure activities within driving distance, sleeping in their own beds at night.
Tour Operator
A tour operator typically combines tour and travel components to create a holiday. They prepare itinerary. The most common example of a tour operator’s product would be a flight on a charter airline plus a transfer from the airport to a hotel and the services of a local representative, all for one price. Niche tour operators may specialise in destinations, e.g. Italy, activities and experiences, e.g. skiing, or a combination thereof.
Travel Insurance
Travel insurance is insurance that is intended to cover medical expenses, trip cancellation, lost luggage, flight accident and other losses incurred while traveling, either internationally or within one’s own country.
Travel insurance can usually be arranged at the time of the booking of a trip to cover exactly the duration of that trip, or a “multi-trip” policy can cover an unlimited number of trips within a set time frame. Some policies offer lower and higher medical-expense options; the higher ones are chiefly for countries that have extremely high medical costs, such as the USA.
Travel Warning
A travel warning, travel alert, or travel advisory is an official warning statement issued by a government agency to provide information about the relative safety of traveling to or visiting one or more specific foreign countries or destinations.[1] The purpose is to enable travelers to make an informed decision about a particular travel destination, and to help travelers prepare adequately for what may be encountered on their trip.Hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are generally cheaper for both the operator and the occupants; many hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk clerks or housekeeping staff in exchange for free accommodation.

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